5 Things you didn't know about glass

1.Volcanic glass found in use in around 7000 BCE (Before Common Era)

2. First example of glassmaking in 3500 BCE

3. Glass is essentially made from sand

4. First glass factory was built in 1608

5. What is the famous glass producer in the UK (answer in blog)

Glass Mosaic carinated dish fragment, late 1st century B.C.–early 1st century A.D. Roman.


The earliest examples of glassmaking are traced to Mesopotamia around 3500 B.C. Over the centuries various glassmaking centres, such as Venice, have achieved great acclaim for their contributions to glassmaking artistry and to the creation of artistic objects conceived in glass. Glass as an independent object (mostly as beads) dates back to about 2500 bc. It originated perhaps in Mesopotamia and was brought later to Egypt. Vessels of glass appeared about 1450 bc, during the reign of Thutmose III, a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt.


Creation of glass is an art that is old as some of the oldest civilizations of humanity. With is incredible properties and easy process of creation, glass managed to separate itself as one of the most important building materials of our modern civilization. Even though our modern technology enables us to create glass in much larger quantities, the initial recipe and ingredients that were perfected in Ancient Egypt, Rome and Persia remains almost the same. In its basic structure, glass is made from pure silica that can most commonly be found in sand. However because pure silica has very high melting temperature and is not most durable material, many additional substances were introduced into recipes to strengthen it and change many of its properties, which helped the glass to become one of the most common materials in modern society.

The first glass factory in the United States was built in Jamestown, Virginia in 1608. In 1959 new revolutionary float glass production was introduced by Sir Alastair Pilkington (UK) by which 90% of flat glass is still manufactured today.


References:

www.arthistory.net/glass/

https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/






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